During surgery, they block both pain and consciousness. Besides that, they are responsible for maintaining almost all vital functions and stabilize, among other things, the body’s circulatory and respiratory system.
Anesthetists work closely with patients and manage a wide range of responsibilities, such as pre- and post-operative measures, patient monitoring from sedation to the wake-up phase, artificial respiration as well as the acute and chronic pain therapy.
About 80% of all patients experience acute pain after surgery and 86% of them feel moderate to severe pain. Given about 234 million surgeries performed worldwide each year, the effective management of postoperative pain poses a significant public health challenge. (Source)
Besides acute pain, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is an unpleasant side effect after surgeries with general anesthesia. In severe cases, PONV can cause serious complications and block airways.
The use of anesthetics to contain the functions of the central nervous system plays an important role during surgery. Besides this anesthesia, the wake-up phase is an equally critical aspect in postoperative care. The aim is to avoid relapses back into the state of unconsciousness, while monitoring all vital functions.
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